1. Chronic Kidney disease: is a major type because it originates mostly from High blood pressure and Diabetes resulting in the long term condition that usually doesn't improve over time.
  2. Glomerulonephritis: is an inflammation of the glomeruli.
  3. Kidney stones: this occurs when minerals and other substances in the blood crystallize, forming solid masses in the kidney. Kidney stones are usually passed out of the body through urination. This can be an extremely painful process but they hardly cause significant problems.
  4. Kidney Cysts: is a disorder that causes numerous cysts to grow in the kidneys. These cysts can interfere with normal kidney function and cause kidney failure.
  5. UTIs: are bacterial infections in any part of the urinary system. These infections are easily treatable but if left untreated can spread to the kidneys and cause kidney failure.
  6. Lupus Nephritis: is when the immune system attacks the kidneys. Lupus is an autoimmune disease, whereby the body's immune system attacks healthy cells in other parts of the body.


  1. Water helps to prevent kidney stones by preventing stone-forming crystals from sticking together
  2. Drinking enough water allows the production of more urine, which helps to flush out infection-causing bacteria.
  3. Water helps dissolve antibiotics used in treating UTIs, making them more effective
  4. Dehydration can cause the blood to become thicker, thereby increasing blood pressure


Regular checkup help is early detection and treatment to slow the progression of kidney diseases and also reduce the risk of kidney failure.

During a checkup, your healthcare provider may perform several tests to evaluate the function of the kidney, including;

  1. Urinalysis: this will help to detect the presence of protein or blood in the urine, which can be signs of kidney damage.
  2. Blood creatinine tests: this measures the levels of creatinine in the blood, as high creatinine levels can reduce kidney function.
  3. Blood pressure and glucose levels: uncontrolled and consistently high blood pressure and glucose levels stresses the kidney which can lead to kidney damage.
  4. Urethroscopy
  5. Kidney biopsy
  6. Advanced Imaging

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